个人陈述推荐信
1. 个人陈述
个人陈述,PERSONAL STATEMENT,简称PS,是申请包括英国在内的西方国家的大学研究生录取时由申请人写的关于自我的一篇文章。有的学校要求的文章题目不一定叫PERSONAL STATEMENT,也有可能叫STATEMENT OF PURPOSE,还有的学校是让写出动机(Motivation)兴趣,经历等。由于升学体制的不同,中国的申请人对这类文件的写作和思维方式不熟悉。而欧美大学录取学生,发放奖学金,是通过全面综合考察申请者的条件来决定的。所谓留学文书,如PS,推荐信,RP(Research proposal),CV等是一套文件系统,用以向录取院校从各个角度展现求学动机,学术学习能力,工作和研究经历,结合一系列更“客观”,可量化的指标:如IELTS,学业成绩等,让学校得以全面了解申请人。留学文书在西方的文化背景下是申请入学的极为重要的组成部分。
2. PS的长度
PS归为ESSAY(漫谈)类,是一种短小精悍的文体。欧美出版的优秀PS文选,无不短小精悍,内容却非常丰满,文笔优美。一般来说一篇PS的正常长度为500—800英文单词,因为大学的招生官审查一个PS的时间通常只有2、3分钟,长篇大论类的PS只能让人心生厌烦。
在PS准备阶段,可先了解一下自己心仪的学校对PS是否有特殊要求。如KCL要求不得超过500字,否则该申请不予审核。
3. PS的内容
很多中国申请人试图把自己的方方面面的优点和成绩展示出来,结果却可能导致PS冗长且无重点,“Simple is the best”,须知PS不是简历的详细补充。Warwick的老师曾表示,可以通过其它文件展示的,不必在PS中重复强调,如学习成绩,招生官能从成绩单找到学生在不同的科目中表现如何,实在不必在PS中罗列和强调自己哪些课程考了多高的分。
许多人都一知半解地听说PS需要“独特个性”(unique),和“煽情”(Emotional),因此挖空心思地找自己的“独特“点和乱“煽情“,大段篇幅写一些不相干的个性,结果往往南辕北辙。其实,相比起美国的PS,申请英国高校的PS更加“务实”。
英国高校的招生官,更多是希望申请人在短短数百字的PS中,向招生官展示选择该专业明确和强烈的动机,同时证明具备充分的条件完成该专业的学习。所以,PS必须紧扣所要申请那个专业的主题写,主线要明确,不要盲目的个性化,尽量做到结构简单,衔接紧密,主线明确,便于理解。
What you should say
•为什么要选择继续升学(动机)
•选择该专业的原因(非常重要)。仅仅说感兴趣是不够的,要具体说明(动机)
•以前的学习以及工作经历,与你将要攻读的专业,是否有什么联系(具备的条件)
•具备什么样的personal skills(个人技能),这些技能与将来的学习有何关联(综合素质)
•未来的职业规划 (动机,目的,人生规划)
4. PS的写作
绝对避免语法、拼写或明显的用词错误。
避免中式英语。
避免用词句式过于夸张,古怪,不符合英语的思维习惯和文风,换句话来说,明明可以简单直白表达出来的内容,不要为了达到高大上的目的,挖空心思用自己尚不能很好驾驭的优美单词和长句。
不同的学校,一定有针对性地按不同学校和不同专业的情况而作相应修改,而不是一份PS申请所有学校。
最后,让我们来了解一下部分学校部分专业对PS如何要求:
5. 华威大学Warwick University- MSc Accounting and Finance
Statement of purpose
This should be around 500 words in length, and answer the following:
•Why have you selected this course? What are your motivating factors?
•What are your areas of interest within the course?
•What contributions do you feel you can make to the course?
•How do you see the course affecting your career plans?
•What evidence of research or reading in this area can you show?
The relevant section of the application form will accept up to 4,600 characters, including spaces, or you can upload your statement as a separate document, attached to your online application.
6. 曼彻斯特大学University of Manchester – MSc Management
Your statement of purpose should answer specific questions outlined below.
1. Please tell us your current or final average mark for the subjects you have studied in your degree, and if possible your position in class.
2. Please tell us why you are interested in studying Management at Alliance MBS and how the course will impact on your future.
3. It is competitive to gain a place on the course. Please tell us what makes you stand out as an applicant compared to others.
7. 爱丁堡大学University of Edinburgh - MSc Accounting and Finance
Personal statement
We will be looking for evidence in your personal statement that you have thought carefully about what you can bring to the programme and what impact you feel it will have on your future career. Therefore, please ensure that you address the following issues in your statement to help us select the students who will benefit most from the programme:
What skills, qualities and experiences have prepared you to undertake this programme?
What value do you think you can add to the learning community as part of an internationally diverse group?
What impact do you hope to make in your future career, and how will this programme contribute to your aspirations?
Your personal statement should be around 500 words in length.
8. 伦敦政治经济学院 LSE
You must upload a personal statement of between 1,000 and 1,500 words (a couple of sides of A4). It should describe your academic interests and your purpose and objectives in undertaking graduate study. If you are applying for two programmes please ensure that your personal statement addresses why you are applying for each programme.
Individual programmes may have specific requirements regarding the personal statement; please check before you apply.
Your personal statement must be your own work
Make sure that each page has your name in the header or footer
Make sure that you proof read your statement before you upload it, and make sure that you upload the final corrected version
If your programme choices are in different subjects, submit two clearly headed personal statements as a single document
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